NEPAL COVID Food Security Report_#5

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Key findings of the survey: 

  • Overall, food insecurity as measured by food consumption score has decreased compared to the estimates taken in April and August 2020 and June 2021, and has now reach the pre-COVID-19 levels. The mVAM survey results showed that 14.1 percent of households had inadequate food consumption2.7 percent of households adopted negative livelihood coping strategies to address food shortages and about 2 percent of households reported that the food they had in stock was insufficient to meet their needs.
  • The proportion of children between 6-23 months of age that did not meet the minimum recommended dietary diversity was 40.4 percent- slightly higher than June 2021 (38.5%) but relatively lower than in December (42.7 %), August (43.1%), and April 2020 (45.9%).
  • 5.4 percent of households reported loss of livelihood and 33.2 percent a reduction in income caused by the COVID-19 crisis. 
  • More than 4 out of 5 respondents reported to have food stocks, of which more than 30 percent had more than one-month worth of food stock. More than 67 percent of households acquire food through market purchase. 
  • Loss of income source was found to be more prevalent in certain types of livelihoods, namely tourism sector, remittance, cereal-based agriculture and daily wage labourers both in farm and off-farm sectors, and households with a disabled person. 
  • Food insecurity was more prevalent among households that experienced income reduction and job loss and certain livelihood types. Similarly, households with low education levels, persons with disability, and households living in rural areas were found to be more food insecure
  • Overall, more than 85 percent of survey households got COVID-19 vaccination, of which 41.7 percent reported vaccination for all eligible members (18+ years) and 43.7 percent of respondents received vaccination by only some family members.